Santosh Singh

Lise Meitner

Lise Meitner was born on 7 November 1878 into a Jewish family as the third of eight children in Vienna, Australia. Her father, Philipp Meitner, was one of the first Jewish lawyers in Austria.Inspired by her teacher, physicist Ludwig Boltzmann, Meitner studied physics and became the second woman to obtain a doctoral degree in physics at the University of Vienna in 1905. In the first part of the First World War (World War I), she served as a nurse handling X-ray equipment. Meitner was part of the team that discovered nuclear fission, for which her colleague Otto Hahn was awarded the Nobel Prize. Meitner is often mentioned as one of the most glaring examples of women's scientific achievement overlooked by the Nobel committee.

Achievements/ Awards and her involvement in Atomic Bomb
In 1917, she and Hahn discovered the first long-lived isotope of the element protactinium, for which she was awarded the Leibniz Medal by the Berlin Academy of Sciences. That year, Meitner was given her own physics section at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Chemistry. In 1926, Meitner became the first woman in Germany to assume a post of full professor in physics, at the University of Berlin. There she undertook the research program in nuclear physics which eventually led to her co-discovery of nuclear fission in 1939, after she had left Berlin. She was praised by Albert Einstein as the "German Marie Curie".Her discovery of nuclear fission opened the door to the creation of the atom bomb. So basically her discovery played vital role in the creation of Atomic Bomb.
Later Years
Meitner became a Swedish citizen in 1949. She moved to Britain in 1960 and died in Cambridge in 1968, shortly before her 90th birthday. As was her wish, she was buried in the village of Bramley in Hampshire, at St. James parish church, close to her younger brother Walter, who had died in 1964. Her nephew Otto Robert Frisch composed the inscription on her headstone. It reads "Lise Meitner: a physicist who never lost her humanity."